What Is Visceral Fat? Part 1
The visceral fat or abdominal fat is adipose tissue (fat) that is concentrated in the abdominal cavity, where it is distributed among the internal organs and the trunk.
Visceral fat is different than the subcutaneous - the deepest layer of the skin and the muscle-, between the muscle fibers, and not only with regard to location, but in terms of origin, function and importance to health.
Excess abdominal fat is known medically as "central obesity", "abdominal obesity" and "android obesity".
This last item makes reference to men, and emphasizes the association of abdominal fat with the male and his hormones (androgens).
Instead, the typical obesity of women in medical terms is called "gynoid", and is characterized by fat accumulation in the lower half of the abdomen, buttocks and thighs (femoral region).
The importance of this, however, that even if he already knew that without these scientific names, is not only topographical or aesthetics.
The point is that disease is of great significance, because between the two types of obesity (abdominal or gynoid) is absolutely the most dangerous is the abdomen.
Indeed, it is considered one of the most known risk factors for mortality from cardiovascular disease and diabetes type II, and in addition increases the possibility of undergoing typical metabolic complications such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, fatty liver disease or atherosclerosis.
More precisely, the risk of cardiovascular disease becomes clinically severe when you reach the limit values of 102 cm in circumference at the umbilical humans and 88 cm in women.
On the other hand, however, you should know that the exaggerated lipolysis (removal of fat deposits), in a body that has accumulated too much fat can cause more harm than good initially, especially when it comes to visceral obesity.
For example, fast (a bad habit or fashion now common in people suffering from anorexia) causes a massive release of fatty acids in the blood, reaching the cells most active in terms of metabolic body (muscle cells, hepatocytes in the liver, kidney epithelial cells) and cause major changes that will decrease their function (graphically, the cells 'fat' causing great damage to them).
In addition, the circulation of a high level of fatty acids from the excess fat you are burning fast on a diet will cause many changes in the metabolism of the pancreas, with the possibility of developing diabetes.